BY JEFF EVANS Californian staff writer firstname.lastname@example.org
It was the first structure completed when the new Bakersfield College campus was built in the mid-1950s. It is the focal point of BC athletics.
It is one-of-a-kind among community colleges.
Top events in Memorial Stadium's history
* June 23, 1967: Jim Ryun sets the world record in the mile of 3 minutes, 51.1 seconds, at the Amateur Athletic Union National Championships, a record that stood for nearly eight years.
* Dec. 3, 1988: In Shrine Potato Bowl before 18,237, BC beats Fullerton 30-24 on Karl Price's 2-yard TD run with 26 seconds left in battle of 10-0 teams that decided the JC Grid-Wire National Championship.
* Dec. 2, 1988: Bakersfield High beats West 21-10 for the Yosemite Division valley title in front of more than 18,000 fans. It was the first time two Bakersfield teams had met for a Central Section football championship.
* Dec. 8, 2012: BC beats City College of San Francisco 35-14 to win its first state football title before 16,625, the largest crowd for a BC game since 1992. The title was later stripped by the state (BC is appealing).
* Dec. 4, 1976: BC beats Sequoias 27-8 in the Shrine Potato Bowl before 21,035, the largest crowd to ever see a BC football game. Win gave BC a berth in the Junior Rose Bowl.
* Oct. 2, 1994: In battle of the best from Southern California vs. the best from the Central Section, La Puente-Bishop Amat beats Bakersfield High 34-3 in front of 23,701, which remains the largest crowd to see a football game in Memorial Stadium's history.
* Aug. 30, 1963: The San Francisco 49ers lose 37-24 to the Dallas Cowboys in an exhibition game dubbed the Children's Bowl before 9,927 to benefit emotionally disturbed children from Kern County. It remains the only NFL game ever played in Memorial Stadium.
* Nov. 12, 1982: In a game moved to Friday to make it "the only game in town" after other city games were played on Veterans Day, Nov. 11, West High beat Bakersfield High 14-0 in a battle of 8-0 teams before 15,000 fans.
* Sept. 23, 1955: In the game that started it all, BC beats Pasadena 36-0 before 14,483 in the first-ever athletic event held in Memorial Stadium.
* Nov. 14, 1967: BC beats El Camino 34-8 to win Metropolitan Conference championship before a then-record crowd of 19,968.
-- Compiled by Californian staff writer Jeff Evans
Top 10 BC athletics individuals, 1913-present
1. Gil Bishop. BC's first fulltime athletic director, 1954-68. Hired coaching staff that carried BC to athletic prominence from 1950s-90s. Played huge role in luring top track meets to Memorial Stadium.
2. Gerry Collis. Hired by BC as head baseball and assistant football coach in 1957. Head football coach 1967-83. Most prominent personality in BC's athletics history. Raised more than $2 million for athletics as head of the foundation. Baseball field named in his honor.
3. J.B. "Cap" Haralson. Oversaw athletics at Kern Union High School and BC when they were the same district. Years of service: 1924-66. Oversaw Memorial Stadium planning and key figure, like Bishop, in national track circles.
4. Homer Beatty. BC head football coach from 1953-58. Only one of his teams lost more than one game in a season. That success keyed Bakersfield's love affair with football.
5. Carl Bowser. BC football player 1956-57, BC assistant coach 1967-83, head football coach 1985-95, athletic director 1995-99. Prominent face of successful athletics program throughout the 1980s-90s.
6. Bob Covey. BC men's track and cross country coach from 1963-2005. In addition to his huge influence on state JC track, he has four decades of influence and contributions to America's amateur track program.
7. Jack Frost. BC head football coach 1934-54, moving the team from its early days to an established program. Local youth football league named in his honor.
8. George Culver. Former BC baseball pitcher who enjoyed 9-year major league career. Sponsored Hot Stove Dinners that generated tens of thousands of dollars for numerous improvements to Gerry Collis Field.
9. Sandy Bowers. BC women's athletic director from 1976-96. Intercollegiate women's athletics was in its infancy in the early 1970s but mushroomed in the decades that followed. Bowers oversaw the tremendous growth of BC's women's athletics during her tenure.
10. Herb Loken. Came to BC in 1956 as gymnastics coach. Succeeded Gil Bishop as athletic director in 1968 and held post until 1983. Steered BC's program to continued growth and heights. Later oversaw BC Foundation, the college's fundraising arm.
Others considered: Romain Clerou, John Collins, Ralph Krafve, Danny O'Neill, Tim Painton, Jim Turner.
-- Compiled by Californian staff writer Jeff Evans
It is Memorial Stadium.
Bakersfield College is celebrating its 100th anniversary, and Memorial Stadium has been the site of countless events and memories that have highlighted the Renegades' nearly century-long sports history.
"There is no other community college stadium as big as this one in the nation," said Bob Covey, who was the men's track and cross country coach at BC from 1963 until his retirement in 2005.
The double-decked, concrete and steel stadium was built for $1.161 million, according to BC's archives, which includes the cost of miscellaneous equipment needed when the stadium first opened.
There have been several tweaks to the original structure, which had an official capacity of approximately 16,500 permanent seats in 1955 but added seats to both sides of the stadium in 1961 to reach its current capacity of 19,468.
Temporary seating for certain events has led to more than 20,000 spectators several times.
On a Friday night, Sept. 23, 1955, the first game was played in Memorial Stadium. BC beat Pasadena 36-0 before 14,483 -- at the time the largest recorded crowd to watch a junior college athletic event in the nation.
An overwhelmed campus
The idea of building a stadium began in 1950 when momentum for a new Bakersfield College campus began to grow.
When BC formed in 1913, it shared its campus with Kern Union High School, which later became Bakersfield High. By 1950, the campus was overwhelmed by the sheer number of high school and junior college students.
In 1951, a 151.68-acres parcel was purchased at the current BC location for $94,850. In the fall of 1952, Kern County voters approved a $17 million bond issue to build a new BC campus.
According to the BC archives, the stadium groundbreaking, which coincided with that of the campus, was held on Nov. 12, 1953.
Tons of dirt had to be dug out and removed from the stadium site. The dirt was needed to prepare the rest of the proposed campus for construction, said Covey, who is preparing a book on the history of BC and has spent countless hours digging up information on the history of the campus and athletics.
J.B. "Cap" Haralson and Gil Bishop headed the stadium planning committee. Bishop was BC's first fulltime athletic director, serving from 1954-68, while Haralson was a coach and administrator for the Kern County Joint Union High School and Junior College District from 1924-66.
Covey said the stadium was modeled after Rice Stadium in Houston.
Theron Taber, who was the district's assistant superintendent, visited Houston and took a snapshot of Rice's stadium. Upon returning to Bakersfield, Taber urged Haralson to pattern the new stadium after Rice's facility. Haralson agreed and forwarded the photo to the stadium architects, Covey said.
Enthralled by the progress
The community keenly followed the stadium construction's progress.
"My brother sent me pictures of it as they were working on it when I was in the Air Force," said Harvel Pollard, who played on the 1955 BC team in the stadium's first season and later spent 27 years as a football assistant coach for the Renegades.
"When I got up there and saw it for the first time, that was huge," Pollard said. "The way it sits is very picturesque, they way you can look over the city of Bakersfield. It's very impressive."
Carl Bowser was a senior at Bakersfield High in 1955 when he played his first "official" game at Memorial Stadium when the Drillers faced East, which played its home games there.
Bowser played for the Renegades in 1956-57 and then coached football at BC from 1967-1994, the final 11 as head coach.
Bowser said he got a preview of the stadium before it officially opened.
"I'd go up there with some friends and watch it being built," Bowser said. "We'd take a football up there on a weekend, climb the fence and run around the field like we were scoring a touchdown.
"There were no guards up there at the time. We were awed by how big it was. It was like the (Los Angeles) Coliseum to us."
Pollard said some community members were miffed that the stadium was completed before any other campus structure, presumably feeling there was an over-emphasis on athletics.
"A lot of people said the stadium shouldn't have been that important. But they needed the dirt," Pollard said.
The night before the stadium's inaugural game, Pollard said fans were invited to the stadium to attend a walk-through practice where they could pick out their season ticket locations.
"About 10,000 people showed up for a practice," he said. "We said, 'my goodness. That's a lot of people.' "
"We were so proud of it," said Herb Loken, BC's athletic director from 1968-83 who joined the BC staff in 1956 as a gymnastics coach and instructor. "At times, people were negative about it, but once it started to prove itself, all of that talk went away.
"Think of what it would cost now to replace it. The problem is how to maintain the darn thing."
Like playing at Nebraska
Current BC head football coach Jeff Chudy played in Memorial Stadium for Taft College in the 1979 and 1981 Shrine Potato Bowls against BC. More than 16,000 attended those games, and more than 16,000 attended last December's state title game between the Renegades and City College of San Francisco.
"The way the stadium is designed, it can really be loud -- electrifying," Chudy said. "Ninety-nine percent of our guys won't ever play in front of as loud a crowd as that the rest of their lives."
Even opponents can find Memorial Stadium a special experience.
El Camino coach John Featherstone, whose squad lost 28-0 to BC on Oct. 12, played in the stadium for El Camino in 1967.
"What I always tell our team: It's like going to the Midwest and playing Nebraska," Featherstone said. "Everyone's wearing red. They're tailgating and getting excited for the game. When you walk into this stadium, it's a Division I stadium."
A facility under attack
The greatest threat to the stadium came in the late 1990s when BC authorized a study to evaluate structural concerns with Memorial Stadium.
AP Architects' report said salt erosion, which was unknown when the stadium was built, had contributed to the deterioration and added that modernizing the facility was essential.
"Over the years, the stadium has deteriorated to the point that if it was not restored, it would have to be removed," the report said.
Seismic retrofitting, concrete repairs, replacement of wooden seats with aluminum, concession and restroom upgrades and restoration were among the items covered in an $8.9 million refurbishment that was completed in 1999.
Currently, the track surface is in woeful shape and BC officials are considering replacing grass with field turf. Fundraising to bankroll those projects has begun, but those talks have quieted after many community members and potential donors were angered by the forced resignation of former athletic director Ryan Beckwith last summer.
The original crushed brick and clay track surface was replaced by all-weather Tartan Turf in 1971, so the stadium could continue to host high-level U.S. amateur meets.
The track is where it was at
From 1956-1974, six U.S. National Track and Field Championship meets were hosted at Memorial Stadium. U.S. national meets for women and girls were held three times and the decathlon nationals were held in 1970. The stadium hasn't hosted a meet of national and international status since the 1979 U.S. vs. Soviet Union juniors dual meet.
By the 1980s, the bidding process had changed for top-level U.S. amateur meets, and a $50,000 bidding fee was required, Covey said, adding that the Kern Community College District and Bakersfield Chamber of Commerce decided Bakersfield could no longer compete against larger metropolitan areas for those types of meets.
The Police Olympics have been held at Memorial Stadium and the fireworks festivity, which had annually been hosted at the stadium, returned last summer.
"We realize how lucky we are to have the community support and this great stadium we have here at Bakersfield College," Chudy said. "We will never take it for granted."